Problematisation and Politicization of Technical Indicator Tools: A Case Study of Used Car Restriction Policy In China

Type de publication:

Conference Paper

Source:

Gerpisa colloquium, Paris (2019)

Mots-clés:

localized protectionism, Politicization, Problematisation, Restriction Policy

Résumé:

How is China's industrial policy shaped? How do the jurisdictional powers of the central and local governments affect each other? This paper reveals the changing process of the used car industry policy in China's auto industry, that is, how the change of automobile exhaust emission standard in the daily management of a local government administrative department has become a used car industry policy affecting the whole country, which in turn affects the development of the entire automobile industry. What is behind the "Problematisation" and then "politicization" of one topic is the path of stakeholders' influence on economic activities and the basic position of politics in economic activities.
The entanglement between the central government and the local governments is an ancient theme of China. In the game of used car industry policy, it brings some elements of Chinese characteristics to the research in this field. In China, stakeholder groups’ lobbying for the central government has always been a game played under the desktop. In the end, what kind of path and method do stakeholder groups use to carry out their “political work”? The second part of this paper mainly explores this issue. When the central government faced the localized protectionism of the used car market in the country and the technical policy tools it used, the central government abolished local protectionism based on the overall development of the automobile industry, especially the consideration of new car sales. However, in the face of various local soft-resistance and delays in implementing the abolish policy, the central government’s strong and authoritative image has been broken. In fact, when discussing industrial policy, we are discussing issues at two different levels, one is the national policy effectiveness jurisdiction, and the other is the local policy effectiveness jurisdiction. The policy effects produced by these two jurisdictions are different when it comes to different types of problems.

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